Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

SAE 1010 Steel Properties

SAE 1010
Chemical composition: C=0.10%, Mn=0.45%, P=0.04% max, S=0.05% max
Property Value in metric unit Value in US unit
Density 7.872 *10³ kg/m³ 491.4 lb/ft³
Modulus of elasticity 200 GPa 29000 ksi
Thermal expansion (20 ºC) 12.6*10-6 ºCˉ¹ 7.00*10-6 in/(in* ºF)
Specific heat capacity 448 J/(kg*K) 0.107 BTU/(lb*ºF)
Thermal conductivity 51.9 W/(m*K) 360 BTU*in/(hr*ft²*ºF)
Electric resistivity 1.43*10-7 Ohm*m 1.43*10-5 Ohm*cm
Tensile strength (hot rolled) 325 MPa 47100 psi
Yield strength (hot rolled) 180 MPa 26100 psi
Elongation (hot rolled) 28 % 28 %
Hardness (hot rolled) 55 RB 55 RB
Tensile strength (cold drawn) 365 MPa 52900 psi
Yield strength (cold drawn) 305 MPa 44200 psi
Elongation (cold drawn) 20 % 20 %
Hardness (cold drawn) 60 RB 60 RB

Material Notes:
Used widely in low strength applications. Good formability, fair machinability, can be hardened by cyaniding. Suitable for magnet core applications
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Physical Properties Metric English Comments
Density 7.87 g/cc 0.284 lb/in³ 
Mechanical Properties
Hardness, Brinell 105 105 
Hardness, Knoop 123 123  Converted from Brinell hardness.
Hardness, Rockwell B 60 60  Converted from Brinell hardness.
Hardness, Vickers 108 108  Converted from Brinell hardness.
Tensile Strength, Ultimate 365 MPa 52900 psi 
Tensile Strength, Yield 305 MPa 44200 psi 
Elongation at Break 20 % 20 %  In 50 mm
Reduction of Area 40 % 40 % 
Modulus of Elasticity 205 GPa 29700 ksi  Typical for steel
Bulk Modulus 140 GPa 20300 ksi  Typical for steel
Poisson’s Ratio 0.29 0.29  Typical For Steel
Machinability 55 % 55 %  Based on AISI 1212 steel. as 100% machinability. The machinability of Group I bar, rod, and wire products can be improved by cold drawing.
Shear Modulus 80 GPa 11600 ksi  Typical for steel
Electrical Properties
Electrical Resistivity 1.43e-005 ohm-cm 1.43e-005 ohm-cm  condition unknown
Thermal Properties
CTE, linear 20°C 12.2 µm/m-°C 6.78 µin/in-°F  0-100ºC
CTE, linear 250°C 13.5 µm/m-°C 7.5 µin/in-°F  0-300°C (68-570°F)
CTE, linear 500°C 14.2 µm/m-°C 7.89 µin/in-°F  0-500°C (68-930°F)
Specific Heat Capacity 0.448 J/g-°C 0.107 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 50-100°C (122-212°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.498 J/g-°C 0.119 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 150-200°C (302-390°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.519 J/g-°C 0.124 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 200-250°C (390-480°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.536 J/g-°C 0.128 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 250-300°C (480-570°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.565 J/g-°C 0.135 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 300-350°C (570-660°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.59 J/g-°C 0.141 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 350-400°C (660-750°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.649 J/g-°C 0.155 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 400-450°C (750-930°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.729 J/g-°C 0.174 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 550-600°C (1020-1110°F)
Specific Heat Capacity at Elevated Temperature 0.825 J/g-°C 0.197 BTU/lb-°F  condition unknown; 650-700°C (1200-1290°F)
Thermal Conductivity 49.8 W/m-K 346 BTU-in/hr-ft²-°F  Typical steel

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